The Difference Between Bond And Debenture

Any firm, no matter how big or little, requires funding to keep its operations going smoothly. When starting, running, or expanding a business, you’ll need money. A firm can borrow money in a variety of methods to raise funds. These businesses lend money using debt products such as bonds and debentures.

What is a Bond?

Bonds are a sort of borrowing used to raise money or capital. They’re usually issued by businesses or government entities. When an investor lends a firm money, the company repays the investor over time, plus interest.

What is a Debenture?

A debenture is a bond that is not backed by any assets or collateral. This means that if the corporation that issued the debenture is unable to repay the debt, the investor may lose their investment.

The bonds and debentures are instruments that are issued by a business or even the government to gather funds. Generally speaking, bonds are issued by big bodies like government agencies or huge corporations. On the other hand, a debenture is issued by small public companies to gather funds from the market. Even though their primary function is to raise funds for the issuer, they have many fundamental differences.

Differences Between Bond And Debenture

Sr. No. Bond Debentures
1 Bonds are issued by government agencies or big corporates or financial bodies Debentures are issued by private companies
2 Bonds are secure Debentures can be both; secured and unsecured
3 Investing in bonds is comparatively less risky Investing in debentures is has high risk
4 Bonds get first priority during liquidation of the company Debentures get paid out only after the bond holders during liquidation
5 Bonds give a lower interest rate Debentures give higher interest rates

Bond Vs Debenture – Explanation

  • Bonds can be issued by both government and commercial organizations to raise funding from the general public. Debentures are securities that can be issued by private or public enterprises to raise capital from its investors.
  • Debentures are not secured by any physical assets or collaterals, whereas bonds are secured by the issuer’s assets. Debentures are only issued and purchased based on the issuing company’s reputation, credibility, and credibility.
  • Bonds have a lower interest rate since they are more secure and have a lower risk component. Debentures, on the other hand, have a higher interest rate because they are less secure and have a larger risk component. Bonds provide a high level of repayment stability. Debentures, on the other hand, are not backed by collateral and thus have a high interest rate.
  • Bondholders may receive interest payments monthly, half-yearly, or annually, and the payments are consistent. This is because the bonds are not tied to the issuing company’s performance. The interest rate on debentures vary depending on the success of the issuing company, and the payments are made on a regular basis.
  • When a company is liquidated, bondholders are always given first priority. First, the bonds are paid off. The company only then liquidates the debentures. This is a significant risk because there may not always be sufficient funds to repay the holders.
  • When compared to debentures issued by a company, bonds are typically long-term investments.

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Bonds vs Debentures – Final Thoughts

When investing, one must consider how much money they want to put into it and how much risk they are willing to take. The difference between bonds and debentures is in the instruments they use to invest. A bond is secured by an asset, whereas a debenture is not, however the returns on debentures are always high. Buying debentures can be more profitable if you can factor in the risk and ensure the company’s creditworthiness.

Bonds, on the other hand, are a better choice if you are unsure and still trying your hand at investing. Bonds provide security because they are issued by government bodies. But, if you are ready to take a chance and invest in debentures, you will get bigger returns.

Also Read: Hedge Funds in India: The Ultimate Guide

Frequently Asked Questions

Why do companies issue debentures?

Businesses issue debentures to raise capital for a set time period, often known as public borrowing. When a corporation has sufficient finances, it frequently repays the investor.

Who is a bondholder or a debenture holder?

The holder of a bond or debenture issued by a firm is an investor who pays money to purchase it. The holder receives rewards on their investments based on the terms of the offer contract.

How long can you hold a bond?

Bonds are classified as short, medium, or long-term. A short-term bond is one that has a maturation period of one to three years. Bonds having maturities of four to ten years are known as medium or intermediate-term bonds, while those with maturities of more than ten years are known as long-term bonds.

How are bond’s interests paid?

The corporation pays a percentage of the money invested in interest to the investor. The interest rate is paid at regular intervals, such as monthly, half-yearly, or annually, and the principal is returned on the maturity date, effectively ending the loan.

What happens when a bond is matured?

When a bond matures, the investor receives the amount invested in the bond as well as any interest that has accrued since the last interest payment. If the interest is not paid out on a regular basis, the investor receives the entire amount invested plus the interest since the bond was issued.

What is meant by the issue of debenture?

The process of a company issuing debentures is similar to that of issuing shares. In this scenario, debentures are issued when a firm issues a certificate under its seal as an acknowledgment of debt owed to the company by its investors. A prospectus is published, and applications and letters of allotment are sent out.

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