What is the full form of RTI?
RTI stands for Right to Information Act.
India is a democratic country. Every citizen has the right to get information and transparency in information. It is an act that came into existence in 2005. According to this act, every citizen of India has the right to get information from public sectors or institutions by paying a certain amount of fees which is prescribed by the Central and State governments. They get information related to inspecting works, documents and records, take notes, take certificates, samples of the material or obtain information from electronic modes.
Salient Features of Right to Information Act 2005
RTI has some salient characteristics, which are detailed below:-
- All citizens of India have access to RTI, which implies they have the right to obtain information impacted by the government or public sectors.
- The information is obtained within 30 days of the APIO receiving the written application. If the APIO provides information about someone’s personal life within 48 hours.
- Every APIO is responsible to provide the information whether it is written form or electronic means.
Some Information Is Prohibited To Obtain From The Public
- If a person is unhappy with the information provided by APIO, he can file a complaint with the federal and state governments.
- Only public authorities are subject to the Right to Information Act. This includes all industries that are governed or regulated by the government.
- Domestic or foreign private institutes are exempt from the RTI Act.
- Except for Jammu & Kashmir, the RTI Act covers all of India.
- Those who seek information are charged a reasonable fee. Different states have distinct payment systems. The federal government has a set of fees, while each state government has its own set of levies. Those living below the poverty line, on the other hand, are not charged a fee by the government.
- The cost is returned if the APIO is unable to provide the information within the time frame.
- If API fails to submit information, makes a default, or refuses to disclose information, he will be fined Rs 2500 per day until the default is corrected, but not more than Rs 25000.
The Procedure Of Obtaining Information Under Right To Information Act
- Application Submission: Initially, the person seeking information must submit an application to the PIO in Hindi, English, or the official language of his choice, in either written or electronic form. If no standard form is available, the application must be prepared on plain paper. All of the applicant’s details, such as name and address, are included in the application. There is no need to justify your request for information.
- Fees: After filing an application, he is charged a fee that is set by the government. Cash demand and Indian postal orders are among the options.
- APIO requires a specified period of time to provide information, which is 30 days if it is relevant to a person’s life and liberty, 48 hours if it is related to a third party, and 40 days if it is related to a third party.