Dormant Account: Definition, Re-Activation Process

When you owe money on an investment or haven’t done anything with an account for more than a year, it’s considered a dormant account. In another scenario, if you haven’t made a single withdrawal or payment through your financial balance in a long time, your account will be marked as inactive.

A inactive account did not see any action for a long time, other than publishing any money price. A dormant account is usually exempt from the legal time limit, which means the owner or recipient can ask for assets at any time.

What is a Dormant Account?

A dormant account is a bank or building society account that hasn’t been contacted in a long time (usually between three and 15 years), despite the reserve funds supplier’s best efforts to contact the account owner.

When is an Account Considered as a Dormant Account?

RBI rules indicate that any bank account is embellished as inactive, only when a customer doesn’t start any kind of payment, such as removal of money from an ATM, installment with a money order, and move assets through web banking, mobile accumulation of transactions, or ATMs.

The state contrasts the dormancy of accounts in the same way that record paper does. Keeping an eye on and contributing accounts, investment funds, benefits reserve records, and other monetary assets accounts are all on the list of dormant records.

The account owner for an inactive account should not have engaged in any activity over a given duration. Connecting with a financial organization, signing to the owner’s bank details, or setting away certain cash distributions and paying installments are examples of activities. Occasionally investigated interest or profits in audit, reserve funds, or common supports. These records are not included in the task count.

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The purpose of classifying bank records as not functional or inactive is to reduce the risk of deception. The distinguishable proof is created solely to concentrate on the growing bank records that are considered dormant by management.

In this way, transactions from these bank records are scrutinized in greater detail in order to distinguish between group swindling and cheating. Contrary to popular belief, the Exchanges Report is suspect. The customer, in any event, was uninterested in the entire operation.

On the basis of fiscal epochs, it is required to present all information regarding your bank record of each of your reserve funds, as well as all other records that you have in the bank, including any unsuitable accounts, when recording your annual government form.

Data of all bank records, except those who held on to the country throughout the earlier age, has been non-functional for more than three years, according to annual duty legislations.

Also Read: Margin Account vs. Cash Account

How to Re-Activate a Dormant Bank Account? 

Everyone can activate a dormant account with ease. It can also be reactivated in four easy steps.

  • Go to your bank’s nearest branch.
  • submit the activate application with signature in accordance with the bank’s operating guidelines
  • Provide your identity evidence and proof of residency as the following step.
  • Start with any transaction amount, and your account will be activated for usage again.

Dormant Account Charges

When it comes to reactivating a dormant account, many consumers believe the bank must charge a fee. However, banks only charge for dormant accounts when the account owner has not interacted with or made any transactions in their account for a long time. For example, if you have money in your bank account but have not made any transactions in several months, you will be charged by the bank.

Also Read: How to Avoid Losing Money in the Stock Market?

What is the difference between Inactive and Dormant accounts?

  • If in case your bank account, either a savings or a checking account, has not seen any activity through it for more than 12 months, it will be considered an inactive account. Likewise, if you have not paid any attention or have not done any transaction over 24 months, then it will be classified as a Dormant account.
  • According to RBI criteria, an account becomes dormant if the consumer does not initiate any transactions, such as cash withdrawals or deposits at a branch or ATM, payment by check, fund transfers via internet banking, phone banking, or ATMs.
  • When your account is labeled as inactive, you will not have the option to demand a debit card or checkbook, use Web banking or get a client identity (ID) and password.
  • Furthermore, other than the limitations applicable to a dormant account, you will not be able to modify your location, contact number, or email address, or conduct transactions through ATMs, online, or mobile banking once it becomes a dormant account.

Final Thoughts

Doing critical financial banking actions, such as cash withdrawal or deposits, money transfer, or bill installment, might kickstart an inert financial balance. A few banks give you the option of requesting account activation through online banking.

You can also contact customer service or the bank office. If a dormant account arises, you may need to submit a formal request along with proof of identity. To open the account, your signature may also be examined.

Even if your account becomes inactive or dormant, interest will be credited to your bank account on a regular basis. Furthermore, the RBI urged that banks refrain from collecting remedial charges for non-upkeep in any broken or improper account last year.


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